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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

There papaya or papaya ( Carica papaya L. ) is one plant from the family from the Caricacee . [2]


Image taken from the volume Koehler's Medicinal Plants , 1887

He looks like a little one tree little branched, could branch in case of wounds, with a stem up to 5– 10 m . The trunk, even in mature specimens, has a soft, slightly woody consistency and presents scars produced by the growth and fall of the upper leaves. There lymph it has a milky consistency and is toxic in its natural state for humans, being able to produce allergic irritations upon contact with the skin .

The leaves , arranged in a rosette at the apex of the trunk, are large, palmate-lobed, 50–70 cm in diameter [3] .

THE flowers they are produced in the armpit of the leaves.

The fruit


Papaya has a delicate texture and an oblong shape and can be green, yellow, orange or pink in color. It can weigh up to 9 kg. For marketing purposes, in most cases they must not weigh more than 500 or 600 g, especially in the varieties of dwarf plants, which are very productive and generally intended for export, to be more transportable and last longer after harvesting until the time of their consumption. The size of the fruits decreases depending on the age of the plant. The fruits and flowers are found in clusters immediately below the insertion of the petioles of the palmate leaves. The plant is not demanding regarding soils, being able to grow in any ground abandoned or even in large pots. It is one of the most productive plants in relation to its size because it flowers continuously and always has flowers and fruit at the same time. Fruit development causes the lower leaves to drop, so the fruits are always exposed to the leaves, exposed to sunlight.
The species occurs naturally dioecious , however artificial selection has produced hermaphroditic species. Papaya is known as a fruit for consumption, both as a whole fruit and as a smoothie and dessert (made with green fruit boiled with sugar ), and has some notable properties to facilitate the digestion of difficult to assimilate foods.

Distribution and habitat

It is a plant native to Mexico , known and used throughout America for many centuries, although today it is cultivated in many countries on other continents, mainly in Asia And Africa . Before the arrival of the Europeans, in Mexico she was called Chichihualtzapotl , which in Nahuatl means "sweet (from) nurse fruit", and was a fruit particularly connected with fertility.
It lives in tropical environments ( Central America And southern And Asia Pacific ) at temperatures that must never fall below 0 °C to avoid rot.

In Philippines the papaya fruit is the subject of industrial cultivation of great importance for the country's economy. [4] Of particular value are the crops on the island of Guimaras , known for the great variety and quality of fruit plants. [5]

In Italy it can be grown on the coasts Sicilian and on the southern and western-southern ones Calabrians (from Reggio Calabria to Capo Spartivento ): however, due to the low winter temperatures, it only bears fruit from April to November, unlike the tropical regions where it bears fruit all year round.

Food uses

The fruit, large in size, has a use similar to melon . The dulce de lechosa it's a dessert traditional of Venezuela. It is a preserved papaya that is traditionally produced at Christmas and Easter. Also on the Pacific coast of Colombia where it is known as cabellito de papaya or biche. In Thailand the unripe fruit, cut into julienne strips, serves as the basis for the som tam (Thai: ส้มตํา) known as green papaya salad . In Philippines , where papaya trees are often grown near homes, the fruit is regularly eaten fresh and used as an ingredient in the preparation of numerous local dishes such as atchara , lumpia and in several recipes chicken And pig . Papaya fruit is also used as dried fruit.

Medicinal uses

The information provided is not medical advice and may not be accurate. The contents are for illustrative purposes only and do not replace medical advice: read the warnings .

Medicinally, papaya is extracted from papaya papain , active principle with function proteolytic . Contrary to popular belief, it does not promote weight loss, but simple digestion from the proteins . Of this enzyme more than 1,000 are produced tons annuals in the world and is used in the manufacture of beer , cosmetics and in the food industry . Papain is also used to soften meat: moles barbecue the juice that flows by cutting the bark of the green papaya is used to pour it over the meat, making it very tender and juicy.


Top 10 largest papaya producers in 2018 [6]
Village Production ( tons )
Flag of India India 5 989 000
Flag of Brazil Brazil 1 060 392
Flag of Mexico Mexico 1 039 820
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 1 022 498
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia 887 591
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 833 038
Flag of the DR of Congo DR of Congo 213 769
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 188 636
Flag of Colombia Colombia 183 732
Flag of Cuba Cuba 176 630
World 13 290 321


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